The AA344 and AA345 antibodies detect human tubulin by immunofluorescence in HeLa cells


  • Wanessa Lima
  • Pierre Cosson



The AA344 and AA345 antibodies detects by immunofluorescence human tubulin in methanol-fixed HeLa cells.


Tubulin, the major microtubule component, is a dimer of alpha- (TUBA, UniProt #P68363) and beta-tubulin (TUBB, Uniprot #P07437). Here we describe the ability of two recombinant antibodies (AA344 and AA345) to successfully label microtubules by immunofluorescence in human HeLa cells; AG890 does not.

Materials & Methods

Antibodies: ABCD_AA344, ABCD_AA345, and ABCD_AG890 antibodies (ABCD nomenclature,; Lima et al., 2019) were produced by the Geneva Antibody Facility as mini-antibodies with the antigen-binding scFv fused to a mouse IgG2A Fc. The synthesized scFv sequences (GeneArt, Invitrogen) correspond to the sequences of the variable regions joined by a peptide linker (GGGGS)3. AA344 (clone S11B; Nizak et al., 2003) and AG890 (clone FabA1; Correa et al., 2013) detect beta-tubulin; AA345 (clone F2C; Nizak et al., 2003) detects alpha-tubulin. HEK293 suspension cells (growing in FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium, Gibco #12338) were transiently transfected with the vector coding for the scFv-Fc. Supernatants (70, 100, and 90 mg/L, for AA344, AA345, and AG890 respectively) were collected after 4 days.

Antigen: HeLa cells were cultured on a glass coverslip (Menzel-Gläser, 22x22 mm) and grown in DMEM GlutaMAXTM (Gibco, #31966) supplemented with 8% Fetal Bovine Serum (Gibco, #10270).

Protocol: The whole procedure was carried out at room temperature. Cells were rinsed once with PBS, and fixed with methanol at -20 oC for 3 min. Fixed cells were washed once in PBS and once with PBS + 0.2% (w/v) BSA (PBS-BSA) during 5 min, and incubated for 30 min with each of the tested antibodies (final concentration 5 mg/L in PBS-BSA). After 3 washes (10 min) with PBS-BSA, cells were incubated for 30 min with secondary goat anti-mouse IgG conjugated to AlexaFluor-488 (1:300, Molecular Probes #A11029). After 3 washes (10 min) with PBS-BSA, cells were incubated during 5 min with DAPI (1:500, Molecular Probes, #D1306), washed twice with PBS-BSA and once with PBS, and mounted on slides (Menzel-Gläser, 76x26 mm) with Möwiol (Hoechst) + 2.5% (w/v) DABCO (Fluka, #33480). Pictures were taken using a Zeiss LSM700 confocal microscope, with a 63x Neofluar oil immersion objective.


AA344 and AA345 antibodies successfully label a network of cytoskeletal filaments typical of the microtubule cytoskeleton in HeLa cells (Fig. 1). AG890 does not label any cellular structure. No staining is observed when the primary antibody was omitted (Fig. 1, No Ab panel).

Figure 1. AA344 and AA345 antibodies successfully label the microtubule network in HeLa cells (in green); in blue, nuclei are stained with DAPI. No labelling is seen when the primary antibody is omitted (No Ab panel). Scale bar: 20 µm.

Conflict of interest

Pierre Cosson and Wanessa Cristina Lima are editors of the Antibody Reports journal.


Correa A, Trajtenberg F, Obal G, et al. Structure of a human IgA1 Fab fragment at 1.55Å resolution: potential effect of the constant domains on antigen-affinity modulation. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2013; 69(Pt 3):388–397.

Lima WC, Gasteiger E, Marcatili P, Duek P, Bairoch A, Cosson P. The ABCD database: a repository for chemically defined antibodies. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019; pii:gkz714. PMID:31410491

Nizak C, Martin-Lluesma S, Moutel S, et al. Recombinant antibodies against subcellular fractions used to track endogenous Golgi protein dynamics in vivo. Traffic. 2003;4(11):739-53. PMID:14617357






How to Cite

Lima W, Cosson P. The AA344 and AA345 antibodies detect human tubulin by immunofluorescence in HeLa cells. Antib. Rep. [Internet]. 2019 Dec. 12 [cited 2024 May 22];2(4):e108. Available from:

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