The AA345 antibody specifically recognizes α-tubulin by western blot in human cell lines


  • Lucie Oberhauser
  • Miriam Stoeber



The recombinant antibody AA345 specifically detects human α-tubulin in HEK293, Hela, and HepG2 human cell lines by western blot.


The recombinant AA345 antibody was previously shown to successfully recognize the human α-tubulin by immunofluorescence (Guerreiro and Meraldi, 2019; Lima and Cosson, 2019). Here, we add a new application to the AA345 antibody by describing its ability to detect the human α-tubulin in cell lysates by western blot.

Materials & Methods

Antibodies: ABCD_AA345 antibody (ABCD nomenclature, was produced by the Geneva Antibody Facility ( as a mini-antibody with the antigen-binding scFv fused to a mouse IgG2a Fc. The synthesized scFv sequence (GeneArt, Invitrogen) corresponds to the sequences of the variable regions of the clone F2C (Nizak et al., 2003) joined by a peptide linker (GGGGS)3. HEK293 suspension cells (growing in FreeStyle™ 293 Expression Medium, Gibco #12338) were transiently transfected with the vector coding for the scFv-Fc. Supernatants (~100 mg/L) were collected after 4 days.

Cell culture and lysis: HEK293 and Hela cells were grown in high glucose DMEM without pyruvate (Gibco, #41965-039) supplemented with 10% FBS. HepG2 cells were grown in low glucose DMEM with pyruvate (Gibco, #31885-023) supplemented with 10% FBS. Cells were seeded in 6-well plates and cultured to reach 70-80% confluency. Total cellular proteins were extracted by lysing cells in 200 μl RIPA buffer (10 mM Tris pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 0.1% SDS, 1X Triton, 2 mM EDTA). Lysates were sonicated and proteins were quantified using Pierce™ BCA protein assay kit (Thermo Scientific, #23227).

Protein separation and transfer:Cell lysates containing 20 μg of total protein were mixed with 4X NuPAGE® LDS sample buffer (Thermo Fisher Scientific, #NP0007) and 0.1 M DTT. Samples were heated at 70 °C for 10 min prior to loading in duplicate onto a Bolt™ 4-12% Bis-Tris pre-casted gel (Thermo Fisher Scientific, #NW04120BOX) and run at 150 V for 1 h along with Spectra™ Multicolor Broad Range Protein ladder (Thermo Scientific, #26634). In the meantime, a 0.45 µm PVDF membrane (Millipore, #IPVH85R) was activated in Isopropanol for 30 s and further soaked in transfer buffer (25 mM Tris, 186 mM Glycine, 20% v/v Isopropanol) along with blot paper (Bio-Rad, #1703966). After complete protein migration, the gel was equilibrated in transfer buffer for 5-10 min. Protein transfer was performed using a Trans-Blot® SD semi-dry transfer cell (Bio-Rad, #1703848) at 300 mA for 15 min.

Immunoblotting:The membrane was cut in half. Both pieces were rinsed with water and blocked with 5% BSA in TBS (Tris 20 mM, NaCl 150 mM, pH 7.6) for 1 h. Membranes were washed 2 times for 10 min in TBS-Tween 0.1% and incubated overnight at 4 °C with anti-α-tubulin primary antibodies AA345 or T5168 (Merck; Piperno et al., 1987) diluted to 1:5000 and 1:7500, respectively, in TBS-Tween 0.1% containing 5% BSA. On the next day, membranes were washed 3 times for 10 min with TBS-Tween 0.1% and incubated with HRP-conjugated anti-mouse secondary antibody (Merck, #A5278) for 1 h at RT.

Protein detection:Membranes were washed 3 times for 5 min with TBS-Tween 0.1% and antibody-bound protein bands were visualized by the addition of SuperSignal™ West Pico PLUS chemiluminescent substrate (Thermo Scientific, #34580) directly on the membranes placed in the iBRIGHT Western Blot imaging system (Thermo Fisher Scientific, #FL1500). Membranes were exposed for 10 s, 30 s, and 1 min until signal saturation.


The recombinant antibody AA345 successfully and specifically detected human α-tubulin (50 kDa) in each of the tested cell lines (Fig. 1). It did so with a specificity superior to the commercial monoclonal anti-α-tubulin used as a control (T5168), which shows lower unspecific bands in both HEK293 and HepG2 cells.

Figure 1. Specific detection of human α-tubulin by western blot (predicted molecular weight: 50 kDa in reducing conditions) in lysates of HEK293, HeLa, and HepG2 cells using antibodies AA345 (left) and control T5168 (right). Detection of chemiluminescence signal upon 30 s (AA345, left) or 10 s (T5168, right) of exposure.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Guerreiro A, Meraldi P. AA344 and AA345 antibodies recognize the microtubule network in human cells by immunofluorescence. Antib. Rep. 2019; 2:e17. doi: 10.24450/ journals/abrep.2019.e17

Lima W, Cosson P. The AA344 and AA345 antibodies detect human tubulin by immunofluorescence in HeLa cells. Antib. Rep. 2019; 2:e108. doi: 10.24450/ journals/abrep.2019.e108

Nizak C, Martin-Lluesma S, Moutel S, Roux A, Kreis TE, Goud B, et al. Recombinant antibodies against subcellular fractions used to track endogenous Golgi protein dynamics in vivo. Traffic. 2003; 4(11):739-53. PMID: 14617357

Piperno G, LeDizet M, Chang XJ. Microtubules containing acetylated alpha-tubulin in mammalian cells in culture. J Cell Biol. 1987; 104(2):289-302. PMID: 2879846






How to Cite

Oberhauser L, Stoeber M. The AA345 antibody specifically recognizes α-tubulin by western blot in human cell lines. Antib. Rep. [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 17 [cited 2024 May 27];3(4):e260. Available from: