The AJ517 antibody labels the mouse CD8β protein by immunofluorescence

Authors

  • Elisa Domingos
  • Aurélie Cino
  • Boris Gueorguiev
  • Mustafa Haraj
  • Eliott Bosshard
  • David Celeny
  • Monica Bulla
  • Ali Sassi
  • Cyril Guilhen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24450/journals/abrep.2020.e115

Abstract

The recombinant antibody AJ517 detects by immunofluorescence the mouse CD8β surface protein in paraformaldehyde-fixed cells.

Introduction

CD8 is a membrane-bound glycoprotein complex expressed primarily in cytotoxic T lymphocytes. It is composed of two transmembrane subunits, and , that associate to form a disulfide-linked heterodimer (Parnes, 1989) present at the cell surface. Here, we describe the ability of the AJ517 antibody, a single chain fragment (scFv) derived from the 35.17.2 hybridoma, to successfully detect the CD8β protein (Uniprot #P10300) by immunofluorescence in HEK293 cells expressing CD8 and CD8.

Materials & Methods

Antibodies: ABCD_AJ517 antibody (ABCD nomenclature, http://web.expasy.org/abcd/; Lima et al., 2019) was produced by the Geneva Antibody Facility (http://unige.ch/medecine/antibodies/) as mini-antibody with the antigen-binding scFv fused to a rabbit IgG Fc. The synthesized scFv sequence (GeneArt, Invitrogen) correspond to the sequence of the variable regions of the 35.17.2 hybridoma (Pierres et al., 1982) joined by a peptide linker (GGGGS)3. The sequencing of the 35.17.2 hybridoma was performed by the Geneva Antibody Facility. HEK293 suspension cells (growing in serum-free FreeStyleTM 293 Expression Medium, Gibco #12338) were transiently transfected with the vector coding for the scFv-Fc. AJ517 supernatant (30 mg/L) was collected after 4 days.

Antigen: The 35.17.2 hybridoma was originally raised against murine leukocytes in Lou/WSl rats (Pierres et al., 1982). HEK293 suspension cells (growing in FreeStyleTM 293 Expression Medium, Gibco #12338) were transiently transfected 3 days before the experiment with the vectors coding for the full-length mouse CD8 (Uniprot #P01731) and CD8β protein. Co-transfection with the CD8 encoding plasmid was performed to guarantee proper protein dimerization and trafficking.

Protocol: The whole procedure was carried out at room temperature. Transfected HEK cells were fixed with PBS + 4% paraformaldehyde (w/v) (Applichem, #A3013) for 30 min, and blocked with PBS + 40 mM ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) (Applichem, #A3661) for 5 min. Cells were then permeabilized in PBS + 0.2% saponin (w/v) (Sigma, #S7900) for 5 min, washed once (5 min) with PBS + 0.2% (w/v) BSA (PBS-BSA), and incubated for 30 min with the antibody-containing supernatants (dilution 1:2). After 3 washes (5 min) with PBS-BSA, cells were incubated for 30 min in PBS-BSA with secondary goat anti-rabbit IgG conjugated to AlexaFluor-488 (1:400, Molecular Probes, #A11034). After 3 washes (5 min) with PBS-BSA, cells were mounted on slides (Menzel-Gläser, 76x26 mm) with Möwiol (Hoechst) + 2.5% (w/v) DABCO (Fluka, #33480). Pictures were taken using a Zeiss LSM700 confocal microscope, with a 63x Neofluar oil immersion objective.

Results

The antibody AJ517 recognizes the CD8β protein addressed at the cell surface of transfected HEK293 cells expressing CD8 and CD8. No signal was detected in mock transfected cells (Fig. 1).

Figure 1. The AJ517 antibody labels the CD8β cell surface protein in of cells expressing CD8 and CD8. No staining was observed in mock transfected cells. Scale bar: 10 µm.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

References

Lima WC, Gasteiger E, Marcatili P, Duek P, Bairoch A, Cosson P. The ABCD database: a repository for chemically defined antibodies. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019; pii:gkz714. PMID:31410491

Parnes JR. Molecular biology and function of CD4 and CD8. Adv Immunol. 1989; 44:265‑311. PMID:2493728

Pierres M, Goridis C, Golstein P. Inhibition of murine T cell-mediated cytolysis and T cell proliferation by a rat monoclonal antibody immunoprecipitating two lymphoid cell surface polypeptides of 94 000 and 180 000 molecular weight. Eur J Immunol. 1982; 12(1):60-9. PMID:6977452

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Published

2020-01-18

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Article

How to Cite

1.
Domingos E, Cino A, Gueorguiev B, Haraj M, Bosshard E, Celeny D, Bulla M, Sassi A, Guilhen C. The AJ517 antibody labels the mouse CD8β protein by immunofluorescence. Antib. Rep. [Internet]. 2020 Jan. 18 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];3(1):e115. Available from: https://oap.unige.ch/journals/abrep/article/view/115

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